The markets are rising, but will it stick?
by Suzanne H. Christian
Like the tortoise beating the hare, the US stock market has been slowly and steadily inching its way up over the past few weeks.
Since touching an intraday low on June 4, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the NASDAQ and the S&P 500 index have all rallied more than 10 percent, according to CNBC. In fact, the Dow and S&P 500 have now risen for 6 consecutive weeks. It feels a bit like a “stealth” rally as volume has been very low and volatility, as measured by the CBOE volatility index, is at its lowest level in 5 years.
Even Europe is enjoying a strong run. As CNBC reported, “European shares hit 13-month highs, extending their longest weekly winning streak in 7 years, amid hopes that euro zone policymakers will work closely to tackle the debt crisis.”
Not everything is going up, though. While improving economic data on the job market, the housing industry, the index of leading indicators, retail sales, consumer purchasing and consumer sentiment has helped the stock market, it’s done just the opposite to the Treasury market, according to Bloomberg. Prices for the 10-year Treasury just posted their worst 4-week drop since December 2010, says Bloomberg. The fall in bond prices—and the corresponding increase in bond yields—suggests traders think the improving economic data may forestall the Federal Reserve from stepping in with another round of monetary stimulus.
Once summer is over and the big Wall Street traders get back from the Hamptons, we’ll get a better read on whether this tortoise-like market will keep inching its way up or decide to take a breather.
SOMETHING BEGAN IN THE STOCK MARKET 30 YEARS AGO that still has people shaking their heads today. Back on August 12, 1982, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at its 1980-82 recession low of 776.92, according to The Wall Street Journal. Around the country, it was just an ordinary day in an otherwise economically challenged economy. But, on Wall Street, it was the beginning of something extraordinary.
Depending on your age, you may remember that back in 1982, the prime lending rate peaked at 17 percent, the unemployment rate was near 11 percent, and inflation was on the way down from the double-digit rates of 1979-1980, according to The Wall Street Journal and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Demographically, the oldest Baby Boomers were a youthful 36 and just getting ready to unleash their penchant for big spending. Ronald Reagan was President, Paul Volcker was head of the Federal Reserve, and, while an unlikely pair, they were about to make history together.
Reflecting back on the summer of 1982 in a 2009 Wall Street Journal piece, Jason Desena Trennert wrote, “Starting as a trickle, the decline in inflation and long-term interest rates picked up speed that summer, and investors in common stocks began to have confidence that they were being liberated from the shackles of double-digit inflation and interest rates, an innovation-sapping regulatory regime, and a tax code that was antithetical to capital formation.”
Awakening from its slumber the day after August 12, 1982, the stock market took off on an unprecedented 18-year bull market run that saw the Dow Jones Industrial Average rise a spectacular 1500 percent, according to Bloomberg.
So, here we are, 30 years removed from the start of that great bull market and what do we have to show for it? Well, since that great bull market ended in early 2000, we’ve experienced 2 harrowing bear markets that saw the broad market decline around 50 percent. And, today, we’re still below the all-time high of late 2007.
Yet, here’s what is extraordinary. Despite the weak markets we’ve experienced since 2000, if you go back to August 1982 and look at the returns for the past 30 years, the market has done extremely well. According to The Wall Street Journal, the total return of the S&P 500 index was a compound 11.3 percent between August 1982 and now. That’s even better than the average return for the entire 20th century, which was 10.1 percent, according to the Journal.
It’s easy to get too caught up in what’s happening today in the markets and lose sight of the big picture. Instead, it’s better to take the long view. While past performance is no guarantee of future results, the past 30 years have shown that patience may be rewarded.
Suzanne Christian is a certified financial planner based in Claremont