Government takeovers of water don’t deliver promised benefits
by Jack Hawks
The city of Claremont wants to go into the water business, even if it means residents will pay substantially higher water rates and at least $133 million in new taxes and long-term debt.
There’s no other conclusion to reach when looking at the city’s actions and the track record associated with government takeovers of investor-owned water companies. In every case, promises are similar: lower rates and local control. However, there is no example in California history where a hostile government takeover of an investor-owned major water system lowered costs and provided better service. History, in fact, demonstrates a different reality.
Consider this most recent example: In 2008, local citizens in Felton, California were counseled by a Washington, DC-based lobbying group called Food & Water Watch to promote a takeover through a contrived local activist group. Instead of a thoughtful effort to determine if a new provider would truly benefit the community, facts were replaced with attacks, exaggerations and falsehoods designed only to garner political support.
Looking beyond the rhetoric, here’s what really happened: Takeover proponents claimed that the system was worth $5.3 million and that they could cut rates to offset a 30-year, $500-per year per-household property tax increase. They claimed residents would benefit from local control, and rate increases would be a bare minimum.
Local residents voted yes, the water system was sold to a neighboring public water district and the guarantee of lower rates evaporated almost immediately. The actual purchase cost was $13.4 million, approximately 250 percent more than voters were told. Just months after the takeover, the new water provider announced plans for substantial rate increases. Customers shouldered a 12 percent increase in 2009, 8 percent increase in 2010 and 15 percent increase in 2011. Each year’s increase was based on the previous year’s rates, with the compounding effect making the hit even harder to absorb.
The increases didn’t stop there. This summer, five more years of compounded rate increases were proposed: 16 percent in 2014, 13 percent in 2015, 8 percent in 2016 and 9 percent in 2017 and 2018. A $50 monthly water bill in 2008 will become a $117 bill, plus 20 years of paying an additional $41 per month in property taxes.
“I wasn’t expecting a rate hike on top of the higher property tax. This is coming out of left field,” Felton resident Beth Hollenbeck said in the Santa Cruz Sentinel. “It’s a hard financial pill to swallow, a double-whammy for Felton residents.”
That’s just the cost side of the equation. After a takeover, providing quality drinking water and maintaining the system becomes a government responsibility, competing with other municipal services. Claremont does not have a water department and would have to hire employees, purchase equipment and create a major new bureaucracy.
Golden State Water Company has 550 statewide employees who are water utility professionals, including drinking water experts, water infrastructure managers and a 24-hour customer service center. Claremont customers can speak to a trained professional day or night who can address any question or, if necessary, schedule a free home visit. Asserting that the city could replicate service residents today receive and pay to acquire the system without dramatic rate increases is misleading and a disservice to Claremont’s citizens. Equally misleading is the suggestion that a takeover won’t lower rates in the near term, but they will in the future.
It’s important to know that all providers, public and private, are facing increased costs to ensure that water moves safely from its source to your tap. Remarkably, this service is provided to customers for less than a penny per gallon. Claremont residents benefit from having a top-class water provider that doesn’t take away tax dollars from police or fire protection to pay for wells, mains or treatment plants, or to purchase water.
Claremont residents will undoubtedly hear promises that a water system takeover is a good business decision. Promises are easy to make, but those who ignore history are doomed to repeat it. History has demonstrated that Claremont’s potential eminent domain takeover of Golden State Water Company will result in residents paying higher water rates and higher taxes, without receiving a higher level of service.
Jack Hawks is executive director of the California Water Association (CWA), which represents approximately 130 investor-owned water utilities regulated by the California Public Utilities Commission, including Golden State Water. According to its website, the CWA provides a forum for sharing best management practices and a means of promoting water policy by legislators and regulatory agencies.